TOTE Services was founded as Interocean Management Corporation in Delaware in 1975 as the result of a merger between two established maritime companies – Cities Service Tanker Fleet and Interstate, a tug and barge firm owned by the Hooper Family.
TOTE Services has been known by several names in its lifetime – Interocean Management Corporation, Interocean Ugland Management Corporation, Interocean American Shipping and now TOTE Services, continuing its proud history of providing operation and management services for third-party ship owners of both foreign and U.S. flag vessels owned by affiliated companies.
1975 – 1980
- From 1975 until 1980 Interocean Management Corporation or IOM, operated a diverse fleet which included crewing of Totem Ocean Trailer Express’ vessels Great Land and Westward Venture in the Alaska trade, and full operation of a very large and diverse fleet of both product and crude oil tankers. These ships included three of 265,000 DWT Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCC) operated under US flag, and three similar sized VLCCs operated under Liberian flag with Spanish crews. IOM also operated three Liberian Liberty Class ships with Taiwan crew.
- In 1977-78 IOM oversaw the construction and delivery of two 165,000 DWT tankers, Brooks Range and Thompson Pass, which IOM managed throughout their operational life.
- In 1978-79 IOM oversaw the construction of two 398,000 DWT ULCC’s, the UST Atlantic and UST Pacific.
- In 1984 IOM commenced managing vessels on behalf of the US Maritime Administration (MARAD). The first contracts were for three SL-7s which were in Reduced Operational Status (ROS) in Philadelphia. IOM’s involvement with MARAD grew with the company overseeing the conversion and subsequent management of nine Tactical Auxiliary Crane Ships (TACS).
- In March 1989 IOM was sold by the three owners, VADM George Steele, Bob Bassett and Bill Lockwood, to Totem Resources, Inc. – the predecessor to Saltchuk Resources, which is the current owner of TOTE Inc., (formerly the American Shipping Group).
1990 – 1991
- In early 1990 IOM oversaw modification of two crane ships to permit the transport of nerve gas from Germany to Johnston Atoll in a classified mission.
- In August of 1990, IOM was one of the principal US flag operators to assist MARAD and the U.S. government in the military sealifts associated with Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. During these conflicts IOM’s already active commercial fleet swelled due to the activation and operation of 21 MARAD vessels placed under the operations control of Military Sealift Command.
- During that same time, the company oversaw the unprecedented seven month long modification and reactivation of an Ultra Large Crude Carrier (ULCC) in Malaysia after 10 years in lay-up.
1995 – 2000
- IOM managed a fleet of tankers for Hvide Marine, which included the Petrochem, Dynachem and HMI Defender, along with the five new-build 46,000 DWT Lightship Tankers delivered during that period by Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Corporation.
1998 – 2005
- IOM managed a fleet of tankers for Maritrans which included the Allegiance, Perseverance, GTDiligence and Integrity.
- IOM entered a strategic alliance with Norwegian Shipowner Andreas Ugland, resulting company’s name being changed to Interocean Ugland Management Corporation (Interocean).
2003 – 2005
- Interocean managed commercial and government-owned vessels providing logistical support to the U.S. military in connection with Operation Enduring Freedom, transporting military cargoes to and from the Middle East.
- The Interocean managed crane ship Cornhusker State was dispatched to Haiti to carry suppliesto U.S .Marine Forces in the wake of the revolution and rioting which occurred during the overthrow of the government of Jean-Bertrand Aristade.
- Interocean commenced the conversion of a semi-submersible oil rig into the radar platform SBX which was under a management agreement with the Boeing Corporation and chartered to the U.S. Missile Defense Agency.
- Interocean activated several MARAD vessels and MARAD-owned schoolships to assist in relief operations in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. These operations continued through the Spring of 2006.
- The strategic alliance with Ugland was terminated, and the company name changed to Interocean American Shipping Corporation (IAS).
2005 – 2010
- In addition to the operation of a large MARAD and commercial fleet, IAS managed a fleet of car carriers under management agreement with American Roll-On Roll-Off Carriers. During this period the Roll-On Roll-Off fleet managed by IAS grew from five to eight vessels, with IAS overseeing the re-flagging of three vessels for operation in the U.S. domestic trades.
- IAS also managed numerous shipyard repair and overhaul periods throughout the world, including yards in Poland, Germany, Spain, Dubai, Bahrain and Canada.
- After a 7.0 magnitude earthquake ravaged Haiti on January 10, 2010, IAS’s Conrnhusker State was dispatched to carry much needed emergency aid to the island. The ship remained in Port-Au-Prince for 77 days, providing the only crane services available in the country.
- IAS was awarded a contract with Military Sealift Command for the continued operation of the USNS SBX-1, a vessel that the company has worked with the Boeing Corporation on a commercial basis with since 2004.
- IAS was awarded another contract with MSC for the operation of the Offshore Petroleum Discharge vessel (OPDS) USNS Vadm K. Wheeler and the support vessel Fast Tempo.
- IAS was awarded another Ship Manager contract with Department of Transportation for the continued management of the government owned RO/RO vessels Cape Horn and Cape Hudson.
- On October 1, 2012 the company’s name, Interocean American Shipping, was changed to TOTE Services, Inc. The name change came nearly a year after the parent organization, TOTE, Inc., changed its name from American Shipping Group. TOTE Services is one of six operating companies owned by TOTE, Inc. TOTE Services’ five sister companies are organized in to two lines of business: TOTE Maritime included operating companies Totem Ocean Trailer Express and Sea Star Line. TOTE Logistics companies included Alta Logistics, Alta Transportation and Spectrum Logistics. TOTE, Inc. and all of its subsidiaries are members of the Saltchuk Resources family of brands. Saltchuk is a family-owned private investment company located in Seattle, WA.
Present- TOTE Services, Inc.
- Today, TOTE Services’ managed fleet is divided in to two groups – commercial U.S. flag vessels, (i.e., privately owned) and U.S. government-owned vessels. Key among the commercial fleet are Roll-On/Roll-Off ships operated by TOTE Maritime Alaska, TOTE Maritime Puerto Rico, PASHA in the Hawaii trade and American Roll-On Roll-Off Carriers. Government contracts include ship management for ten U.S. Department of Transportation Maritime Administration (MARAD) vessels—including one specialized tanker and two mission-specialized vessels operating under the Missile Defense Agency. TOTE Services also operates two mission-specialized government-owned vessels for Military Sealift Command.
- TOTE Services crews primarily U.S. vessels, but has proudly served Spanish, Peruvian, Chilean, Taiwanese, Filipino, Mexican and Honduran customers. TOTE Services is honored to have managed numerous government and commercial vessels in support of U.S. Military operations in Somalia, Haiti, South Korea, Cuba, and the Persian Gulf, as well as numerous military exercises in the U.S., Central America and the Far East.